Have you ever know that while you are eating your popcorn, drinking Pepsi or Cola while watching your favorite movie in the cinema, in the other part of the world there are 868 million undernourished people that do not have enough staple food?
In 2011, drought struck the Horn of Africa, sparking widespread food shortages. An estimated 13 million people in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya faced persistent hunger, which killed between 50,000 and 100,000 people—half of whom were children under five. Undernutrition has led to the stunted growth of 165 million children worldwide and is responsible for 45 percent of child deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In LMICs, 27 percent of all babies are born small for their gestational age, which contributes to a quarter of newborn deaths. “Stunted doesn’t mean simply short,” says Anthony Lake, executive director of UNICEF. “The child’s brain never properly develops. Irrevocably. That’s it. You can’t fix it later.
With the rising human population, the world is facing the growing scarcity of vital resources to sustaining life - the food-energy-water security. We need water and energy to produce enough food for the growing population, producing more energy required water on the power plants, while making the clean water accessible for the community require energy. The food-energy-water sectors are inextricably linked, this is the so-called ‘nexus’. It is really important to understand the complex relationship between the food-energy-water nexus, move away from the sector-by-sector approach towards an approach that considers the holistic interactions between the three nexus. This approach will help multi-stakeholders to understand that to solve a problem related to one of them, it requires an integrated solution to the other sectors. It is also important to raise the awareness of youth about the nexus approach since the youth will be the world leader in 10-15 years later. (DT)